Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological condition in which a person thinks for hours on end about an imaginary or slight defect in one's appearance. People suffering from BDD will not believe others telling them that they're okay. They may isolate themselves from socialising in general and leave the house less often or only go out at night to try to camouflage their appearance in the darkness
Body dysmorphic disorder has a very similar nature to OCD and eating disorders, but its effects slightly vary. If you have an eating disorder, you are preoccupied with your overall weight and body shape, whereas if you suffer from body dysmorphic disorder, you are preoccupied with one specific body part. With OCD, a patient may suffer from repeating thoughts and anxieties.
People with BDD may dislike any part of their body, often finding fault with their hair, skin, nose, chest, or stomach.
BDD most often develops in adolescents and teens, and according to research, affects men and women almost equally. While the causes of BDD are not clear, certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to it, including genetic predisposition, neurobiological factors such as malfunctioning of serotonin in the brain, personality traits, and life experiences (e.g. child maltreatment, sexual trauma, peer-abuse).
To get an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, people must mention specifically their concerns with their appearance when they talk to a doctor or mental health professional. A trained clinician should diagnose whether they have BDD.
The childhood and the teenage period is an important part of your child's life and if your child is preoccupied with appearance so that it interferes with a concentration in school or if behaviours listed above appear, talk to a mental health professional.
Effective treatments are available to help BDD sufferers live full, productive lives. Cognitive behavioural therapy and anti-depressant medication may be an option.
While some people recognise the root problem and are open to treatment, others may opt for body alterations via cosmetic surgery. Various types of cosmetic changes via surgery include breast augmentation, rhinoplasty, liposuction, tummy tucks, etc.
It isn't necessary that every person who opts for surgery is suffering from BDD, but if someone is totally fixated with changing an element about their body and feel that the change could then rid them of the stress and make their lives better, then cosmetic surgery could be an option... Provided you can afford it.
Cosmetic procedures have their share of pros and cons, one of the cons being the amount of money it costs you. Add in the risk of 'not being satisfied with the surgery' in the equation. Sometimes a procedure may make your face or other element worse than before, again, costing more money to fix what's done. Hence one should go forward with cosmetic surgery only after completely making up their mind and finding an experienced surgeon.
While solutions in the western parts of the world may be the most convenient for local residents, countries like India has been attracting foreign patients for a while now. Good hospitals and some of the best surgeons operate in India and the cost is much more affordable. Look for some of the best cosmetic surgery hospitals in India and you should have many quality options to choose from.